Experimental thermodynamics is accurate and reliable determination of mass, temperature, pressure, voltage and current [e.g. at elevated temperatures].

  • A generous industrial support enables development of an experimental thermodynamics laboratory with appropriate measuring instruments (EMF technique) and materials synthesis.
  • The main experimental set-ups (all using controlled atmospheres) available now:
    • three low-temperature EMF furnaces equipped for AgI & Ag4RbI5 electrolytes (max 1100 °C),
    • one high-temperature EMF furnace for ZrO2 electrolytes (max. 1600 °C),
    • three high temperature furnace systems for phase equilibrations (1600 °C),
    • one liquid-liquid-solid equilibration furnace (1600 °C),
    • one very high temperature (1700 °C) freeze lining furnace with rotating pedestal (cold finger),
    • a thermocouple calibration system  (up to 1600 °C),
    • an autoclave system with low pressure (10 bar) and high pressure reactors (60) [jointly with the corrosion & materials chemistry group],
    • several electrochemical measuring stations (electrometers) for very low current and high-impedance systems; current and voltage standards,
    • high-temperature test rig for cyclic hot-corrosion  (max. 1150 °C),
    • high-accuracy pressure transducer (Baratron) and
    • high-accuracy atmospheric pressure/temperature/relative humidity measuring station.


  • Thermo-Calc
  • FactSage
  • HSC Chemistry


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